Details for Tipula (Lunatipula) peliostigma
Name:Tipula (Lunatipula) peliostigma Schummel, 1833
Publication:Beitr. Ent., Breslau 3: 90 (as Tipula)
Status:Recognized taxon, synonym(s): pelopea Mannheims, 1965; phoenissa Mannheims, 1965.
Classification:Family Tipulidae
Subfamily Tipulinae
Descriptive note:Descriptive note in Theischinger, 1982. Lectotype designation: Mannheims, 1965a.
Keys:Podeniene, 2000 (Lunatipula larva Lithuania); Peeters en Oosterbroek, 2016b (craneflies Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg) (in Dutch); Boardman, 2016 (craneflies Shropshire); Stubbs and Kramer, 2016d (craneflies Great Britain)
Tipula (Lunatipula) peliostigma : habitus - maleTipula (Lunatipula) peliostigma : habitus - maleTipula (Lunatipula) peliostigma : habitus - maleTipula (Lunatipula) peliostigma : habitus - maleTipula (Lunatipula) peliostigma : habitus - male
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plus 39 more images of habitus, habitus, habitus, habitus, habitus, habitus, habitus, body part(s), body part(s), body part(s), body part(s), body part(s), body part(s), body part(s), body part(s), body part(s), body part(s), body part(s), body part(s), hypopygium, hypopygium, hypopygium, hypopygium, hypopygium, hypopygium, hypopygium, hypopygium, hypopygium, hypopygium, hypopygium, hypopygium, hypopygium, ovipositor, ovipositor, ovipositor, ovipositor, wing, wing and wing.
Distribution:Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Rep., Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece (see citations for islands), Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey (European part: Istanbul, Kirklareli), Ukraine; Russia: NET, CET, SET, North Caucasus (Dagestan); Morocco (Middle Atlas); Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkey (Asiatic part: widespread Marmara region and south), Lebanon, Israel;; Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan.
Note: see the manual for abbreviations: present-day Russia.
Region(s):Westpalaearctic;; Eastpalaearctic
General note:Added: Morocco (Middle Atlas) (Eiroa, 1990c), Ireland (Feeney, 1968; Chandler, 1998), Lebanon (Museum Naturalis, Leiden), Bulgaria (Nedelkov, 1912, Popov, 1999). For Great Britain check Falk, 1991; Stubbs, 1992c, and citations below. For Finland check Salmela, 2012b. For Spain check Eiroa and Carles-Tolra, 2019, and citations below. For Portugal check Oosterbroek et al., 2020, and citations below.
Map:Ashe et al., 2007a (Ireland); Boardman, 2007 (Shropshire); Kramer, 2014d (Great Britain)
Figure
references:
Hypopygium: Theischinger, 1982

Immature stages
Larva: Podeniene, 2000; Podeniene, 2003a
Citationson biology (mainly from 2000 onward):
France
Habitat. Quindroit, 2020a: 21, 45-48 (annotated list with information on abundancy and habitat of the Tipuloidea of Pays de la Loire: Mayenne (53), Sarthe (72), Loire-Atlantique (44), Maine-et-Loire (49) and Vendee (85)) (in French).
Habitat. Quindroit, 2020b: 128 (loc(s) Pas-de-Calais (62) with notes on habitats and distr) (in French).
Habitat. Tillier and Dehalleux, 2019: 160 (espece des milieux semi-ouverts (haies, lisieres)).
Germany
Biology. Heiss and Flugel, 2015: 271, 277-278 (loc(s) Hessen; review local distribution and biology, citing various authors
Habitat. Heiss, 2017a: 563, 568, 571 (loc(s) Dinkelberg, Baden-Wurttemberg and table with details on presence in the various biotop-groups).
Habitat. Schacht et al., 2001: 427 (abbreviated habitat information).
Great Britain
Habitat. Alexander, 2002: 89 (larvae occasionally under bark on decaying wood, more usually in birds nests).
Biology. Boardman and Gilson, 2021: 10 (on the attraction of craneflies in general and of N. flavescens and T. (L.) peliostigma by lepidopterists sugar mixture, on an evening in July in a garden near Blewbury, Oxfordshire).
Habitat. Boardman, 2007: 23 (larvae have been found in birdís nests, hence the vernacular name Birds-nest Tipula, agricultural regions are said to be the most likely area).
Habitat. Brighton, 2017b: 30, 43 (overall regional checklist Lancashire and Cheshire (VC58, 59 and 60) with notes on habitats and/or regional occurrence and/or status, see paper for details).
Biology. Harvey, 2021: 5 (brief notes on rearing records for craneflies; a larva was found in soil/leaf-litter on 27 March 1999, kept indoors, an adult female emerged 20 April 1999; loc Berkshire).
Habitat. Hutson, 2010: 324 (associated with bird nests).
Habitat. Kramer, 2014d: 3 (larvae seem to feed on twigs and leaf litter and have been found associated with birds nests).
Habitat. Stubbs, 2003: 8-10 (a high proportion of records come from hedgerows, most of which could judged as ancient or within ancient hedgerow districts; a few records come from small copses, usually in ancient hedgerow districts; most pertinent is that this is not a woodland species; larvae have been found in old birds nests in hedgerows, but also in soft rotten wood under the bark of a fallen trunk of a deciduous tree; the paper includes further details on habitat preferences, monitoring techniques, etc).
Lithuania
Habitat. Podeniene, 2000: 3-10 (larvae were found directly on hard surface between Prunus fallings and rotting Quercus boards; adults are known from meadows and shrubs on river banks).
Habitat. Podeniene, 2003a: 1-295 (larva, descr, figs, habitat) (in Lithuanian).
Habitat. Podeniene, 2003b: 12, 24, 28 (larval habitat: uppermost layer of soil in agrocenozes).
Netherlands
Habitat. Oosterbroek and de Jong, 2001: 105-106 (woods and hedgerows, most abundant in very warm localities; larvae and pupae have been found in leaf-litter and under mosses in broad-leaved forests; in Great Britain the species has been bred from the nests of birds (robin, blackbird, song thrush), and from dead wood, citing various authors).
Russia
Habitat. Paramonov and Korobkov, 2019: 100 (loc(s) Tverskaya oblast, distr, habitat, citing various authors) (in Russian).
Turkey
Phenology. Koc et al., 2013: 6 (on the period of flight in the southwest Anatolia region).
on characters and taxonomy (mainly from 2000 onward):
Lithuania
Immatures. Podeniene, 2000: 3-10 (key larva, comparison, figs).
Immatures. Podeniene, 2003a: 1-295 (larva, descr, figs, habitat) (in Lithuanian).
on distribution (mainly from 2000 onward):
Andorra
First record. Eiroa and Baez, 2002b: 80 (checklist).
Austria
Distribution. Aistleitner, 2015: 95 (loc(s) Vorarlberg).
Distribution. Vogtenhuber, 2011: 48 (checklist Austria, list of provinces).
Bosnia-Herzegowina
Distribution. Simova-Tosic and Oosterbroek, 2003: 51 (review literature).
Croatia
Distribution. Simova-Tosic and Oosterbroek, 2003: 51 (review literature).
Czech Rep.
Distribution. Stary et al., 2005d: 37 (loc(s)).
Distribution. Stary, 2006j: webpage (checklist).
Denmark
Distribution. Petersen et al., 2001b: 163 (checklist).
Finland
Distribution. Salmela and Petrasiunas, 2014: 33 (checklist Finnish Tipulomorpha).
Distribution. Salmela, 2012b: 220, 231 (annotated list of Finnish crane flies; listed for Finland by Mannheims, 1965a, not yet confirmed but retained for the Finnish list).
France
Distribution. Quindroit, 2020a: 21, 45-48 (annotated list with information on abundancy and habitat of the Tipuloidea of Pays de la Loire: Mayenne (53), Sarthe (72), Loire-Atlantique (44), Maine-et-Loire (49) and Vendee (85)) (in French).
Distribution. Quindroit, 2020b: 128 (loc(s) Pas-de-Calais (62) with notes on habitats and distr) (in French).
Distribution. Tillier and Dehalleux, 2019: 160 (review records Ile-de-France).
Germany
Distribution. Hable et al., 2010b: 89 (loc(s) Bayern).
Distribution. Heiss and Flugel, 2015: 271, 277-278 (loc(s) Hessen; review local distribution and biology, citing various authors
Distribution. Heiss, 2017a: 563, 568, 571 (loc(s) Dinkelberg, Baden-Wurttemberg and table with details on presence in the various biotop-groups).
Distribution. Heiss, 2019a: 37, 44 (loc(s) and checklist Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, see paper for further details).
Distribution. Heiss, 2019b: 251 (annotated checklist of the Tipulidae of Niedersachsen and Bremen, including the presence in the surrounding Bundeslandern and the Netherlands) (in German).
Distribution. Schacht et al., 2001: 427 (loc(s) Bayern).
Distribution. Schacht, 2005: 3 (checklist Bayern).
Distribution. Schacht, 2010: 38 (checklist Diptera Bayern).
Distribution. Stuke, 2019: 240 (checklist Niedersachsen and Bremen with reference to original sources).
Great Britain
Distribution. Boardman and Gilson, 2021: 10 (on the attraction of craneflies in general and of N. flavescens and T. (L.) peliostigma by lepidopterists sugar mixture, on an evening in July in a garden near Blewbury, Oxfordshire).
Distribution. Boardman, 2007: 23 (loc(s), map).
Distribution. Boardman, 2008: 8 (loc(s)).
Distribution. Brighton, 2016: 4 (loc(s) Cotterill Clough, Cheshire).
Distribution. Brighton, 2017b: 30, 43 (overall regional checklist Lancashire and Cheshire (VC58, 59 and 60) with notes on habitats and/or regional occurrence and/or status, see paper for details).
Distribution. Harvey, 2021: 5 (brief notes on rearing records for craneflies; a larva was found in soil/leaf-litter on 27 March 1999, kept indoors, an adult female emerged 20 April 1999; loc Berkshire).
Distribution. Kramer, 2014d: 3 (paying attention to first Leicestershire record by Audcent, 1935, map GB).
Distribution. Stubbs, 2003: 8-10 (distr in GB).
Greece
Distribution. Islands, 2021: (known from Evvoia [Evia], Kerkyra [Corfu], Naxos, Mykonos, Samos, Samothraki, Serifos, Skyros, Thasos; Siros, in Theowald and Oosterbroek, 1990b, refers to Skyros).
Distribution. Oosterbroek, 2009c: 193 (new for Kerkyra and several Aegean islands).
Ireland
Distribution. Ashe et al., 2007a: 301, 321-322, 343, 353 (review Irish records, red data book status, map).
Distribution. Chandler et al., 2008: 6 (checklist).
Kazakhstan
Distribution. Devyatkov, 2008: 140 (loc(s) East Kazakhstan, distr) (in Russian).
Lithuania
Distribution. Pakalniskis et al., 2006: 27 (checklist).
Distribution. Podeniene, 2000: 3-10 (loc(s)).
Montenegro
Distribution. Simova-Tosic and Oosterbroek, 2003: 51 (review literature).
Morocco
Distribution. Adghir et al., 2018: 536 (checklist Tipulidae Morocco).
Netherlands
Distribution. Oosterbroek and de Jong, 2001: 105-106 (review Dutch records).
Distribution. Oosterbroek, 2010: 264 (probably extinct in the Netherlands).
Distribution. de Jong and Oosterbroek, 2002d: 41 (checklist).
North Macedonia
Distribution. Simova-Tosic and Oosterbroek, 2003: 51 (review literature).
Poland
Distribution. Skibinska and Chudzicke, 2007b: 78 (checklist).
Portugal
First record. Oosterbroek and Eiroa, 2004: 200 (loc(s)).
Distribution. Oosterbroek et al., 2020: 344 (known from Faro only, distr).
Romania
Distribution. Parvu, 2008: 418 (loc(s) Bucuresti and surroundings, citing Erhan, 1962b).
First record. Torok et al., 2014: 18 (checklist Romania).
Distribution. Ujvarosi, 2007: 232-233 (checklist Tipulidae).
Russia
Distribution. Lantsov, 2004: 65 (loc(s) Caucasus region, distr).
Distribution. Lantsov, 2020: 293 (found in Dagestan, a dominant species at Narat-Tyube Ridge, Markov Gorge).
Distribution. Paramonov and Klepikov, 2014: 37 (loc(s) Yaroslavskaya oblast).
Distribution. Paramonov and Korobkov, 2019: 100 (loc(s) Tverskaya oblast, distr, habitat, citing various authors) (in Russian).
Distribution. Paramonov, 2014: 41 (revision coll. Eversmann, loc(s) Tatarstan Rep.).
Distribution. Paramonov, 2018b: 62 (loc(s) Saratovskaya oblast) (in Russian).
Distribution. Pilipenko, 2009a: 212 (annotated checklist Tipulidae Central European Territory [CET], loc(s), distr).
Serbia
Distribution. Simova-Tosic and Oosterbroek, 2003: 51 (review literature).
Slovakia
Distribution. Stary, 2006j: webpage (checklist).
Spain
Distribution. Eiroa and Baez, 2002b: 80 (checklist).
Distribution. Eiroa and Carles-Tolra, 2019: 134 (loc(s) Barcelona, list of Spanish provinces, distr) (in Spanish).
Switzerland
Distribution. Dufour and Merz, 2012: 356 (annotated checklist canton Geneva).
Turkey
Distribution. Koc and Oosterbroek, 2001: 465 (checklist).
Distribution. Koc et al., 2012: 117 (checklist of occurrence in the six provinces of southwestern Turkey).
Distribution. Koc et al., 2015: 50 (results of Tipulidae investigations in the 11 provinces of the Marmara region which forms the passage between European and Asiatic Turkey).
Distribution. Tekinoglu and Caliskan, 2019: 61 (loc(s) Uludag Mts, Bursa; review distr in Turkey).
on flight period (mainly from 2000 onward):
Austria
Aistleitner, 2015: month(s): 7.
Czech Rep.
Stary et al., 2005d: month(s): 5-6.
France
Quindroit, 2020a: month(s): 5-6.
Quindroit, 2020b: month(s): 7.
Germany
Heiss, 2017a: month(s): 6-7.
Heiss, 2019a: month(s): 7.
Schacht et al., 2001: month(s): 6-8.
Great Britain
Kramer, 2014d: month(s): 6.
Ireland
Ashe et al., 2007a: month(s): 8.
Kazakhstan
Devyatkov, 2008: month(s): 6.
Netherlands
Oosterbroek and de Jong, 2001: month(s): 5-8.
Portugal
Oosterbroek and Eiroa, 2004: month(s): 4.
Russia
Lantsov, 2004: month(s): 6.
Paramonov and Klepikov, 2014: month(s): 6-7.
Paramonov and Korobkov, 2019: month(s): 7.
Paramonov, 2014: month(s): 7.
Paramonov, 2018b: month(s): 6.
Pilipenko, 2009a: month(s): 6-7.
Turkey
Koc et al., 2013: month(s): 4-5.
Tekinoglu and Caliskan, 2019: month(s): 6-7.
on altitude (mainly from 2000 onward):
Austria
Aistleitner, 2015: altitude: 430 m.
Portugal
Oosterbroek and Eiroa, 2004: altitude: 10 m.
Turkey
Tekinoglu and Caliskan, 2019: altitude: 1451-1457 m.

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