Details for Helius (Helius) pallirostris
Name:Helius (Helius) pallirostris Edwards, 1921
Publication:Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1921: 206 (as Helius)
Status:Recognized taxon.
Classification:Family Limoniidae
Subfamily Limoniinae
Keys:Stary and Freidberg, 2007 (Limoniidae Israel); Boardman, 2016 (craneflies Shropshire); Peeters en Oosterbroek, 2016c (craneflies Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg) (in Dutch); Stubbs and Kramer, 2016h; Stubbs, 2021 (British craneflies)
Variant spelling(s):pallidirostris
Helius (Helius) pallirostris : habitus - maleHelius (Helius) pallirostris : habitus - maleHelius (Helius) pallirostris : habitus - maleHelius (Helius) pallirostris : habitus - maleHelius (Helius) pallirostris : habitus - female
habitus
male
habitus
male
habitus
male
habitus
male
habitus
female
plus 14 more images of habitus, body part(s), body part(s), body part(s), hypopygium, hypopygium, hypopygium, hypopygium, ovipositor, wing, wing, wing, wing and habitat.
Distribution:Austria, Belgium, Czech Rep., Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece (Rodos [Rhodes]), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Sardinia, Sicily), Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Spain (Balearic Is [Mallorca]), Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey (European part: Edirne, Kirklareli), Ukraine; Russia: RUW, RUE, North Caucasus; Morocco, Tunisia; Azerbaijan, Turkey (Asiatic part: Balikesir), Israel, Iran;; Kazakhstan (east), Turkmenistan, Tajikistan.
Note: see the manual for abbreviations: present-day Russia.
Region(s):Westpalaearctic;; Eastpalaearctic
General note:Added: Ireland (Ashe et al., 1991), Italy (Sicily) (Stary and Oosterbroek, 1996). For Finland check Salmela, 2012b, 2012c, and citations below. For Portugal check Oosterbroek et al., 2020, and citations below. For Great Britain and Ireland check Stubbs, 2021, and citations below. For France check Quindroit, 2022a, and citations below. For Morocco check Kettani and Oosterbroek, 2022a, and citations below.
Map:Podenas et al., 2006 (Switzerland); Boardman, 2007 (Shropshire)
Figure
references:
Wing: Podenas et al., 2006; Krivosheina and Krivosheina, 2011c
Hypopygium: Stary and Rozkosny, 1970a; Podenas et al., 2006
Ovipositor: Stary and Rozkosny, 1970a

Immature stages
Larva: Podeniene, 2002; Podeniene, 2003a; Krivosheina and Krivosheina, 2011c
Citationson biology (mainly from 2000 onward):
Habitat. Krivosheina and Krivosheina, 2011c: 87-88 (note on larva, figs, biology) (in Russian).
Czech Rep.
Habitat. Stary and Vonicka, 2018: 66 (on Limoniidae and Pediciidae of two localities in northern Bohemia, with list of localities, altitudes and habitats).
Finland
Habitat. Salmela, 2012b: 226 (collected from a swamp dominated by sedges and grasses).
France
Habitat. : 30 (checklist Finnish Tipulomorpha).
Habitat. Quindroit, 2022a: 22, 28 (annotated list with information on abundancy and habitat of the Tipuloidea of Pays de la Loire: Mayenne (53), Sarthe (72), Loire-Atlantique (44), Maine-et-Loire (49) and Vendee (85)) (in French).
Great Britain
Habitat. Howe and Howe, 2001: 34, 43-45 (lagg and swamp vegetation).
Habitat. Godfrey, 2003a: 22 (larvae between the leaves of marsh plants such as Iris and Typha, citing Brindle, 1967).
Biology. Stubbs, 2003: 20, 22-23 (habitat: most records are from the margins of ditches, ponds and lakes; occurrence along chalk rivers is seemingly unusual; larvae of Helius are aquatic, living among (and hiding under) submerged parts of tall emergent vegetation; larvae are assumed to be either grazers of decaying leaf surfaces or less specialised detritivores; adults have a long proboscis ideal for nectar feeding but there are no records at flowers (such activity may have gone un-noticed at night)).
Habitat. Boardman, 2007: 81 (mostly a coastal species, inland records come from the margins of ponds or lakes, with mineral or peat soils).
Habitat. Drake, 2009: 54 (widespread and almost as frequent as the common H. flavus, and usualy found in tall and dense fen vegetation, recorded from most of the fens visited).
Habitat. Cranston and Drake, 2010: 175 (Helius larvae can be found in marginal situations along flowing and standing waters [no species mentioned]).
Habitat. Kramer, 2011j: 22, 25 (by ponds and marshlands).
Habitat. Stubbs, 2014b: 2 (loc(s) Scotland; see paper for details on habitat).
Habitat. Showers, 2015: 2 (on craneflies in moth traps at Pitsford Water Nature Reserve in 2013 and 2014, including information for the two traps and photos of their habitat).
Habitat. Brighton, 2017b: 28, 39 (overall regional checklist Lancashire and Cheshire (VC58, 59 and 60) with notes on habitats and/or regional occurrence and/or status; see paper for details).
Habitat. Stubbs, 2017: 28 (Snowdonia National Park: extensive valley fens of Cors Geirch)
Israel
Habitat. Stary, 2014c: 156 (collected in a swamp).
Italy
Habitat. Podenas, 2011: 864 (larvae develop in damp soil (usually clay) near water).
Lithuania
Habitat. Podeniene, 2002: 299-301 (larvae were found in mud among roots of Phragmites and other plants on lake shore (littoral zone habitat Phragmitetalia)).
Habitat. Podeniene, 2003a: 1-295 (larva, descr, figs, habitat) (in Lithuanian).
Habitat. Podeniene, 2003b: 11, 22, 28 (larval habitat: mud in littoral zone of swampy lakes).
Morocco
Habitat. Driauach and Belqat, 2016: 141 (loc(s) Rif Mts with list of habitats).
Russia
Habitat. Przhiboro, 2003: 363 (upper littoral zone of an eutrophic lake; rearing).
Biology. Lantsov, 2015a: 367 (loc(s) Stavropolskiy kray, Kabardino-Balkar. Rep., Dagestan, with data on habitats, ecology and chorology) (in Russian).
Habitat. Lantsov, 2017c: 287 (loc(s) Dagestan with information on habitats and ecology) (in Russian).
Spain
Habitat. Stary, 2014b: 92 (collected at saltmarsh).
on characters and taxonomy (mainly from 2000 onward):
Immatures. Krivosheina and Krivosheina, 2011c: 87-88 (note on larva, figs, biology) (in Russian).
Characters. Quindroit et al., 2021: 258 (comparison).
Great Britain
Characters. Kramer and Morris, 2022b: 22 (diagnosis).
Israel
Key. Stary and Freidberg, 2007: 305, 345 (key).
Lithuania
Immatures. Podeniene, 2002: 299-301 (descr larva, comparison, figs).
Immatures. Podeniene, 2003a: 1-295 (larva, descr, figs, habitat) (in Lithuanian).
on distribution (mainly from 2000 onward):
Azerbaijan
Distribution. Snegovaya, 2021: 1138 (checklist with details on distr in Azerbaijan).
Belgium
First record. : 1138 (checklist with details on distr in Azerbaijan).
First record. Kolcsar et al., 2021b: 127 (loc(s) Oost-Vlaanderen [see photo(s) above]).
Channel Is
Distribution. Stubbs, 2022b: 5 (on a collection of craneflies from Jersey, collected between 1985 and 2002 by Tony Warne).
Czech Rep.
Distribution. Stary, 2001a: 186 (loc(s), distr).
Distribution. Stary, 2006h: webpage (checklist).
Distribution. Stary and Vonicka, 2018: 66 (on Limoniidae and Pediciidae of two localities in northern Bohemia, with list of localities, altitudes and habitats).
Denmark
Distribution. Petersen and de Jong, 2001b: 150 (checklist).
Finland
First record. Salmela, 2012b: 226, 237 (annotated list of Finnish crane flies; only known from Ab).
Distribution. Salmela and Petrasiunas, 2014: 30 (checklist Finnish Tipulomorpha).
France
First record. Quindroit, 2022a: 22, 28 (annotated list with information on abundancy and habitat of the Tipuloidea of Pays de la Loire: Mayenne (53), Sarthe (72), Loire-Atlantique (44), Maine-et-Loire (49) and Vendee (85)) (in French).
Germany
Distribution. Reusch and Oosterbroek, 2000: 162 (checklist German Bundeslander).
Distribution. Reusch and Bellstedt, 2001b: 75 (checklist Thuringen).
Great Britain
Distribution. Hancock, 1998: 29 (loc(s)).
Distribution. Crossley, 2001: 194 (loc(s)).
Distribution. Howe and Howe, 2001: 34, 43-45 (loc(s)).
Distribution. Gibbs, 2002a: 1 (loc(s)).
Distribution. Stubbs, 2003: 23 (distr).
Distribution. Boardman, 2007: 81 (loc(s), map).
Distribution. Kramer, 2010b: 2 (loc(s)).
Distribution. Kramer, 2011j: 22 (loc(s) Leicestershire and Rutland (VC55)).
Distribution. Hewitt, 2014: (provisional checklist Cumbrian Diptera).
Distribution. Stubbs, 2014b: 2 (loc(s) Scotland; see paper for details on habitat).
Distribution. Showers, 2015: 2 (on craneflies in moth traps at Pitsford Water Nature Reserve in 2013 and 2014, including information for the two traps and photos of their habitat).
Distribution. Stubbs, 2016b: 14 (loc(s) Kent).
Distribution. Boardman, 2017: 3 (loc(s) Dorset).
Distribution. Brighton, 2017b: 28, 39 (overall regional checklist Lancashire and Cheshire (VC58, 59 and 60) with notes on habitats and/or regional occurrence and/or status; see paper for details).
Distribution. Stubbs, 2017: 28 (Snowdonia National Park: extensive valley fens of Cors Geirch)
Distribution. Kramer and Morris, 2022b: 22 (info on the species, on the distr and map of loc(s) Leicestershire and Rutland (VC55)).
Greece
First record. Stary and Oosterbroek, 2008: 14 (loc(s) Rodos, distr).
Ireland
Distribution. Chandler et al., 2008: 13 (checklist).
Israel
First record. Stary and Freidberg, 2007: 305, 345 (loc(s), distr).
Distribution. Stary, 2014c: 156 (loc(s) Israel).
Italy
Distribution. Podenas, 2011: 864 (first record for Sardinia, distr).
Kazakhstan
First record. Devyatkov, 2019b: 247 (loc(s) Pavlodarskaya oblast, distr) (in Russian).
Distribution. Devyatkov, 2020a: 52 (loc(s) East Kazakhstan, distr) (in Russian).
Latvia
Distribution. Stary, 2004f: (Fauna Europaea: added Latvia).
Lithuania
Distribution. Podeniene, 2002: 299-301 (loc(s)).
Distribution. Pakalniskis et al., 2006: 20 (checklist).
Morocco
First record. Driauach and Belqat, 2016: 141 (loc(s) Rif Mts with list of habitats).
Distribution. Kettani and Oosterbroek, 2022a: 27 (annotated checklist, with review loc(s) and/or references).
Netherlands
Distribution. de Jong and Oosterbroek, 2002b: 34 (checklist).
Distribution. Cuppen, 2009: 6 (loc(s) larval records) (as pallidirostris).
Poland
Distribution. Wiedenska, 2007a: 75 (checklist).
Distribution. Wiedenska, 2015b: 56 (loc(s) near Lodz).
Portugal
First record. Stary, 2014b: 92 (loc(s) Faro).
Distribution. Oosterbroek et al., 2020: 333 (known from Faro only, distr).
Romania
Distribution. Ujvarosi, 2007: 228-231 (checklist Limoniidae).
Russia
Distribution. Przhiboro, 2003: 363 (loc(s) NW Russia, distr).
Distribution. Lantsov, 2015a: 367 (loc(s) Stavropolskiy kray, Kabardino-Balkar. Rep., Dagestan, with data on habitats, ecology and chorology) (in Russian).
Distribution. Lantsov, 2017c: 287 (loc(s) Dagestan with information on habitats and ecology) (in Russian).
Distribution. Lantsov, 2019c: 134 (on tipuloid dipterans of the protected areas of Dagestan) (in Russian).
Slovakia
Distribution. Stary, 2006h: webpage (checklist).
Spain
First record. Stary, 2014b: 92 (loc(s) Mallorca).
Sweden
Distribution. Salmela, 2010b: 129, 133 (loc(s) Malmo, distr).
Switzerland
Distribution. Podenas et al., 2006: 169, 263 (map, vertical distr per thermic level).
Distribution. Dufour and Merz, 2012: 355 (annotated checklist canton Geneva).
Tunisia
First record. Stary and Oosterbroek, 2008: 14 (loc(s), distr).
Turkey
First record. Koc et al., 2016: 9 (loc(s) European and Asiatic part, Marmara region).
on flight period (mainly from 2000 onward):
Belgium
Kolcsar et al., 2021b: month(s): 8.
Channel Is
Stubbs, 2022b: month(s): 6, 10.
Czech Rep.
Stary, 2001a: month(s): 6-8.
Stary and Vonicka, 2018: month(s): 8.
Finland
Salmela, 2012b: month(s): 6.
France
Quindroit, 2022a: month(s): 8.
Great Britain
Crossley, 2001: month(s): 6.
Howe and Howe, 2001: month(s): 6.
Gibbs, 2002a: month(s): 9.
Kramer, 2011j: month(s): 6.
Stubbs, 2014b: month(s): 6.
Stubbs, 2016b: month(s): 7.
Boardman, 2017: month(s): 6.
Stubbs, 2017: month(s): 6.
Greece
Stary and Oosterbroek, 2008: month(s): 10.
Israel
Stary and Freidberg, 2007: month(s): 7, 10.
Stary, 2014c: month(s): 4.
Italy
Podenas, 2011: month(s): 7.
Kazakhstan
Devyatkov, 2019b: month(s): 5.
Devyatkov, 2020a: month(s): 7-8.
Lithuania
Podeniene, 2002: month(s): 6.
Morocco
Driauach and Belqat, 2016: month(s): 2.
Portugal
Stary, 2014b: month(s): 4.
Russia
Lantsov, 2015a: month(s): 5, 8.
Lantsov, 2017c: month(s): 5.
Spain
Stary, 2014b: month(s): 5.
Switzerland
Podenas et al., 2006: month(s): 6-8.
Tunisia
Stary and Oosterbroek, 2008: month(s): 4.
Turkey
Koc et al., 2016: month(s): 4-5.
on altitude (mainly from 2000 onward):
Czech Rep.
Stary and Vonicka, 2018: altitude: 220 m.
Kazakhstan
Devyatkov, 2019b: altitude: 98 m.
Devyatkov, 2020a: altitude: 158-396 m.
Morocco
Driauach and Belqat, 2016: altitude: 5 m.
Portugal
Stary, 2014b: altitude: 24 m.
Russia
Lantsov, 2015a: altitude: 12-1200 m.
Spain
Stary, 2014b: altitude: 0-1 m.
Tunisia
Stary and Oosterbroek, 2008: altitude: 0 m.
Turkey
Koc et al., 2016: altitude: 5-625 m.

New search

Site developed by Naturalis Biodiversity Center